Science & Technology jim faris
mechanical engineer, innovator and university teacher of the 20th century
After graduation he started working in industry as an engineer (MAV and Ganz). He started teaching at the university in 1879 and from 1899 till his death he was the professor of hydromachines, compressors and turbo motors. His innovations included the Bánki-Csonka motor (together with János Csonka) which became a competitive product of Ganz factory. In 1893 he patented the carburetor also with Csonka preceding Wilhelm Maybach. The following year he patented the Bánki motor which was able to substantially increase the efficiency of the motor by using sprayed water to cool down the detonating composition.
Innovator, inventor, Benedictine monk, a talented teacher of the 19th century
His original Christian name was István; Ányos is his name in the order. He knew about the creation of the first electromotor, theory of self-inductance, the first description of dynamo-principle, and the recognition of voltage-multiplication. Research of electrodynamics and introduction of its teaching also can be connected to him.
sculptor, architect, designer, interior-architect, toy designer, innovator, university professor of the 20th-21st century
Rubik was awarded Hungarian State honors such as Kossuth Prize and the Nations’ Artist Prize. His best known invention is the Rubik’s Cube, which celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2014. Its invention was followed by the Rubik snake (1977) and Rubik’s Magic but they could not repeat the success of the cube.
Hungarian-American nuclear physicist of the 20th century
Teller lived most of his life in the United Sates and became successful there as well. He worked with Enrico Fermi on the building of the first nuclear power-station and later was involved in the Manhattan Project. He is most known for his role in the research of the H-bomb, thus his nickname the “father of the H-bomb”.
physicist of the 19th-20th century. He was the first to recognize that the nuclear chain-reaction (and with it the nuclear bomb) can be generated
As they considered the possibility of the Nazi Germany coming up with the discovery first, Leo Szilárd and his fellow scientist argued with and persuaded American President Franklin D. Roosevelt that America had to be the first. Szilárd was an active participant in the Manhattan Project. He started a political campaign to prevent the use of the A-bomb. Although regarded as the father of the A-bomb, after the war he became one of the leaders of the fight against the atomic war. In 1949 he started research in a new field: he used the methods of modern physics to solve problems of biology.
László József Bíró
inventor of the 20th century
He presented the first production of the ballpoint pen at the Budapest International Fair in 1931. While working as a journalist in Hungary, he noticed that the ink used in newspaper printing dried quickly, leaving the paper dry and smudge-free. Together with his brother György, a chemist, he developed a new tip consisting of a ball that was free to turn in a socket, and as it turned it would pick up ink from a cartridge and then roll to deposit it on the paper. Bíró patented the invention in Paris in 1938.
Hungarian physician of the 19th century
He is now known as an early pioneer of antiseptic procedures. Described as the "savior of mothers", Semmelweis discovered that the incidence of puerperal fever could be drastically cut by the use of hand disinfection in obstetrical clinics. Despite various publications of results where hand-washing reduced mortality to below 1%, Semmelweis's observations conflicted with the established scientific and medical opinions of the time and his ideas were rejected by the medical community.
19th-century Hungarian mathematician
He was born into a family of mathematicians. He soon became obsessed with the Euclids parallel axiom but was unable to solve it. Instead he put it aside and completed a totally new complex and consistent new geometry in 1831. He sent his findings to Gauss, who replied that he had made the same discovery years before had never published it. Later he found that a Russian mathematician, Nikolay Ivanovich Lobachevsky, had published the same discovery in 1829. In addition to work on his non-Euclidean geometry, he developed a geometric concept of complex numbers as ordered pairs of real numbers.
Hungarian engineer, inventor of the 19-20th century
After university he began experimenting with television technology at the Telephone factory. His first conception of a television construction in 1919 was called the “Telehor”, which was capable of transmitting still pictures over a distance of many kilometers. From 1924 he continued his experiments at the Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft in Berlin with still pictures, later transferring the results to motion pictures. He established a company called “TELEHOR AG” to manufacture television sets.
Hungarian_American mechanical engineer, working on Ford Model-T
After receiving his diploma in mechanical engineering at the University of Technology, he worked at the Steel Engineering Factory in Diósgyőr. In 1903 he worked in several German cities as a skilled worker and received the best education at Adler in Frankfurt. When he learned of the 1904 American Auto World Fair in St. Louis, he used his savings to travel to America. He started working for Westinghouse Corporation in Pittsburgh and later at Stern Automobile company in Cleveland. Galamb applied for work at the Silent Northern plant, the Cadillac plant and the Piquett Plant of Ford. All three offered him work and he chose Ford. He soon became the chief designer of the company and devised many parts for the famous Model T. He was part inventor of the assembly line. On doctor’s orders he retired from active work in 1944.
Peter Carl Goldmark
German-Hungarian engineer in the 20th century, famous for LP (long playing phonograph) and color television
Working for Columbia Records he had an essential role in developing the LP (long playing microgroove 33 1/3 phonograph discs). In addition to his work on the LP record, Goldmark developed field-sequential color technology for color television while at CBS. First demonstrated on 29th August 1940, the system, which was introduced to the press on 3rd September, used a rapidly rotating color wheel that alternated transmission in red, green and blue. The only hindrance was that it was not compatible with BW television sets of the time without an adapter. CBS nonetheless transmitted in color till the "compatible color" technology developed for RCA and NBC, that was compatible with the BW sets was introduced. Though the non-compatible color system provided better picture quality, the compatibility problem caused its downfall.
Hungarian engineer and a pioneer in the development of electric railway traction in the 19th- 20th century
He was educated at the Budapest Technical University where he gained a diploma in mechanical engineering. He worked in France as a junior engineer designing and developing Nikola Tesla’s induction motor.
In 1894 Kálmán Kandó developed high-voltage three-phase alternating current motors and generators for electric locomotives. Known as the father of the electric train, his work on railway electrification was done at the Ganz electric works in Budapest. He was the first who recognised that an electric train system can only be successful if it can use the electricity from public networks.
After his achievement in designing the three-phase motor and generator he moved to Italy. He would later return to Budapest to work at the Ganz factory where he became the managing director.