Nobel Laureates jim faris
doctor, biochemist of the 20th century
Szent-Györgyi isolated vitamin C in the beginning of the 1930s, vitamin P in 1936 and had a key role in discovering citric acid cycle. His work was honored with Nobel Medicine Prize in 1937. He is the only Hungarian scientist to date who received the Nobel Prize for his scientific activity conducted in Hungary. His scientific efforts were honored with a Corvin laureate in 1937 in Hungary.
author and translator of the 20th century
In addition to several Hungarian literature-related awards, Kertész was awarded the Kossuth Prize (Hungarian State prize) and St Stephen prize. In 2002 he won the Nobel Prize in Literature for his autobiographically inspired work on the holocaust and totalitarian systems. He is a member of the Digital Literature Academy. He lives in Berlin, Germany.
Avram (Ferenc Ábrahám) Hershko
chemist of the 20th- 21st century
He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2004 jointly with Aaron Ciechanover and Irwin Rose "for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation". They have contributed ground-breaking chemical knowledge of how the cell can regulate the presence of a certain protein by marking unwanted proteins with a label consisting of the polypeptide ubiquitin. Avram Herschko lives in Israel.
chemist of the 20th- 21st century
His research involves the generation and reactivity of carbocations via superacids. For this research, Olah was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1994. He has also been awarded the Priestley Medal, the highest honor granted by theAmerican Chemical Society and F.A. Cotton Medal for Excellence in Chemical Research of the American Chemical Society in 1996.
otologist of the 19th- 20th century
He received the 1914 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus. From 1917 until his death he was professor at Uppsala University Faculty of Medicine (Sweden).
Richard A. Zsigmondy
Austrian-Hungarian chemist of the 19th-20th century
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1925 for his demonstration of the heterogeneous nature of colloid solutions and for the methods he used, since then which have become fundamental in modern colloid chemistry. The crater Zsigmondy on the Moon is named in his honor.
radiochemist of the 19th-20th century
He received the 1943 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for "for his work on the use of isotopes as tracers in the study of chemical processes. He also co-discovered the element hafnium.
biophysicist of the 20th century
In 1961, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his research on the function of the cochlea in the mammalian hearing organ. He also received an ASA Gold Medal in the same year.
Jenő Pál Wigner
Hungarian-American theoretical physicist and mathematician
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963 was divided, one half awarded to Eugene Paul Wigner "for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles", the other half jointly to Maria Goeppert Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen "for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure".
Hungarian-British electrical engineer and physicist of the 20th century
He received the 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his invention and development of the holographic method." He lived in Great Britain. His further notable awards are: Young Medal and Prize (1967), Rumford Medal (1968), IEEE Medal of Honor (1970).
He shared the Nobel Prize in 1986 for the contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes. Polanyi was educated in the UK, Canada and the US. In addition to the Nobel Prize, Polanyi has received numerous other awards, including 33 honorary degrees, the Wolf Prize in Chemistry and the Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering. Outside of his scientific pursuits, Polanyi is active in public policy discussion, especially concerning science and nuclear weapons.
János C. Harsányi
Hungarian-American economist of the 20th century
He shared the 1994 Nobel Prize in Economics for "pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games". Relying on the theory designed by his fellow prize-winners, he showed how to analyze games when information was incomplete, creating the foundation for "information economics". He lived in the United States.