Part of the avant-garde movement in the early twentieth century. Csontváry, who worked mostly in Budapest, was one of the first Hungarian painters to become known in Europe. His works are held by the Hungarian National Gallery in Budapest and the Csontváry Museum in Pécs, as well as by other institutions and private collectors.
József Rippl- Rónai
painter of the 19th- 20th century
The first artist to introduce modern artistic movements into the Hungarian art. Rippl-Ronai originally studied pharmacology, then he travelled to Munich to study painting at the Academy. Later he moved to Paris where he studied with Munkácsy. Under the influence of Les Nabis he painted his first important work, The Inn at Pont-Aven.
op-art painter of the 20th century
He was born Győző Vásárhelyi in Pécs. He is widely accepted as a “grandfather” and leader of the short-lived op art, or optical art, movement. His work entitled Zebra is considered by some to be one of the earliest examples of op art. He spent most of his life working in France. Several museums in Hungary and abroad are named after him.
One of the Hungarian painters who earned an international reputation with his genre pictures and large scale biblical paintings. In the early years of his career Munkácsy mainly painted scenes from the daily lives of peasants and poor people. First he followed the colorful, theatrical style of contemporary Hungarian genre painting, then he started to pay more attention to landscape.
19th-20th-century history and portrait painter
He painted in Romantic and Academic styles. After studying in Vienna he returned to his hometown where he worked as an art teacher. His most famous paintings are Discovering the Body of King Louis II, The Women of Eger and Thunderstorm.
20th-century painter generally associated with abstract art
After studying at the Budapest School of Fine Art, he travelled through Italy on foot, moved to France in 1948 and later took French nationality. A retrospective of his work was held at the Centre Pompidou in 1976, and in 1982 he represented France at the Venice Biennale.
painter and photographer of the 19th-20th century
Besides being a painter and photographer he was also a professor in the Bauhaus school. He was highly influenced by constructivism and a strong advocate of the integration of technology and industry into the arts. The Moholy-Nagy University of Art and Design in Budapest is named in his honor.
Pál Szinyei - Merse
painter and art educator of the 19th-20th century
Born into a noble family, he studied in Munich where he was introduced the plein-air painting. In 1896 he was elected to the Diet of Hungary, where he advocated for major reforms in art education. In 1905 he became President of the Hungarian University of Fine Arts. In 1912, the Ernst Museum organized the largest exhibition of his works up to that time and he was awarded the small cross of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary.
Photo: Picnic in May
Hungarian war photographer, photojournalist
He covered five wars: the Spanish Civil War, the Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II across Europe, the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the First Indochina War. He documented the course of World War II in London, North Africa, Italy, the Battle of Normandy on Omaha Beach and the liberation of Paris. In 1947, Capa co-founded Magnum Photos in Paris together with four partners, which was the first cooperative agency for worldwide freelance photographers.
Mexican painter of Hungarian Jewish descent in the 20th century
Frida Kahlo’s father, Guillermo, who was the son of jeweler Jakob Heinrich Kahlo and Henriette Kaufmann born in Germany, never claimed that he was of Jewish family, unlike his daughter Frida. She painted in surrealist style mixing the Mexican and Amerindian culture. She is best known for her self-portraits characterized as naive art.